ERIC Number: ED192326
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Systematic or Unsystematic Invention Instruction: Which is More Effective for a Student Writer?
A study was conducted to identify characteristics of student writers that might be used to predict which of two invention procedures--free writing or the tagmemic heuristic procedure--would be more effective in improving writing skills. A secondary purpose was to investigate whether writing improvement correlated with a lessening in anxiety. Three student characteristics were identified: conceptual level, IQ, and educational preference (aspiration). The subjects were 93 tenth grade students in four sections, all taught by the same teacher, who was also the researcher. Throughout 20 weeks of instruction, the writing problems assigned and the data given were the same for all sections, but two sections were instructed in the tagmemic heuristic approach and two were instructed in free writing. Anxiety and attitude, conceptual level and IQ, and writing skills were assessed before, during, and after treatment. Results indicated that (1) the groups that studied tagmemic heuristics showed a trend toward writing improvement; (2) tagmemic heuristics were significantly more useful than free writing in increasing the number and variety of ideas in expository essays for college-bound students and for students with low conceptual level and with middle ability; and (3) after instruction in tagmemic heuristics, anxiety tended to decrease in low conceptual level and middle IQ groups and to increase in college-bound students. (GT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Heuristics; Invention (Rhetorical)
Note: Research prepared at the State University of New York at Buffalo.