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ERIC Number: ED192306
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Schema for Analyzing Response to Literature Applied to the Responses of Fifth and Eighth Graders to Realistic and Fantasy Short Stories.
Golden, Joanne M.
A study was conducted (1) to develop a more comprehensive theoretical framework for exploring the nature and process of response to literature, (2) to develop an integrated schema for analyzing responses, and (3) to apply this theory and schema to the responses of fifth and eighth grade students to two different kinds of texts. Subjects were ten fifth grade students and ten eighth grade students who were asked to listen to a taped version of a fantasy story and a realistic story as they read along. Following exposure to the stories, subjects orally responded to questions designed to elicit responses such as retelling, evaluation, and interpretation. Responses were analyzed to determine the level of discourse, cognitive operation, pattern of reference, and reconstruction of the text during recall. Responses to the two stories revealed differing patterns across age and text. Eighth grade students were found to have more interpretive responses and fewer expressive responses and fifth grade students demonstrated more global responses to the stories. The findings suggest that response to literature is influenced by the nature of the text as well as by the reader, that readers are sensitive to elements of the text such as style, lexicon, and events, and that they are aware of their relationship to world events. (MKM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reader Response