ERIC Number: ED192288
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation into the Internal and External Rate Flexibility of Proficient Readers in Relation to the Difficulty Level of the Material.
Hoffman, James V.; O'Neal, Sharon F.
The hypothesis of this study was that reading rate would be relatively constant (within a 15% range of the subject's mean reading rate) both within and across different difficulty levels of materials as long as the levels of difficulty remained at or below the subject's ability level. The subjects were 65 college students whose reading levels ranged from grades 9.8 to 16.0. The subjects read three reading passages (eighth, twelfth, and sixteenth grade reading levels), marking their progress through the passages at 30-second intervals. To make the purpose for reading constant, subjects were asked to complete a word recognition task after reading each passage. The data revealed an almost normal distribution of interval scores around each subject's average reading rate, lending support to the position that internal variation of reading rate was minimal. The subjects reading above the twelfth grade level tended to maintain their average reading rate for passages at the eighth and twelfth grade levels. When data for these subjects included the passage with the sixteenth grade reading level, not a single subject maintained their average reading rate. These findings offered clear support for the constancy of reading rate hypothesis. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reading Flexibility
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (29th, San Antonio, TX, November 29-December 1, 1979).