ERIC Number: ED192241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Encoding Personal Adjectives: The Effects of Depression on Self-Reference.
Kuiper, Nicholas A.; Derry, Paul A.
A central tenet of a self-schema model for depression is the idea that severity of depression is a crucial determinant of the content and cohesiveness of the depressive's self-schema. Consistent with predictions generated form this model, sample nondepressives displayed superior recall for self-referenced, nondepressed-content adjectives. Recall for mild depressives, however, failed to benefit significantly from self-reference judgments (i.e., judgments in answer to the question, "Does this adjective describe you?"). Medium depressives exhibited enhanced recall for self-referenced depressed- and nondepressed-content adjectives. Results offer an empirical demonstration of the role played by the self-schema in human information processing. In particular, the findings suggest that depressives employ a self-schema in personal information processing, but one which may differ in several ways from that of nondepressives. Further research might explore cognitive distortions or peculiarities in the depressive's evaluations, judgments, and descriptions of other individuals. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related document see CG 014 706.