ERIC Number: ED192228
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Modes of Representation in Cognitive Mapping.
Cohen, Michelle E.; Nodine, Calvin F.
Recent investigations of the cognitive components of human-environmental interactions owe much to the work of city planner Kevin Lynch, who hypothesized cognitive mapping as a two-way interactive process between individuals and their environment. Lynch identified five elements which individuals used in the construction of cognitive maps, specifically nodes (strategic areas), paths, edges, districts, and landmarks. It was hypothesized that Lynch's elements would be encoded in different modes of representation, and that these elements would be differentially elicited by the methods of externalizing cognitive maps. The memory components of cognitive maps in a model environment were investigated by means of actual and simulated "tours" using 60 adult subjects who were divided into three treatment groups: actual tour, dynamic film simulated tour (film of actual tour), and static film simulated tour (no movement in film). The "tours" were equated for time spent in each area of the environment. Results supported the hypotheses, suggesting that movement is an essential component in the organization and storage of cognitive maps, and that different methods of externalizing cognitive maps elicit different aspects of these internal representations. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cognitive Mapping
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).