ERIC Number: ED192193
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Perceived Relationship, Sex-Role Orientation, and Gender Differences in Reward Allocation.
Bowden, Maryanne; Zanna, Mark P.
Lerner has proposed an equity model used in the determination of fair allocations which suggests that if two individuals are perceived as being similar to and in a positive relationship with each other, there are two possible rules that give fair allocation of rewards. If individuals see each other as occupants of positions the characteristics of which are independent of any individuals occupying them, and see each other's behavior as the product of their respective positions, the equity rule applies. If they are perceived as persons who might occupy any position and whose behavior stems from individual characteristics, an equality or parity rule of allocation will be followed. A social-perception test of the influence of personal and positional relationships on allocations was conducted with male and female undergraduates. Results indicated that: (1) definitions of relationships are important determinants of allocation for both sexes; (2) sex differences exist for traditionally sex-typed individuals only when relationships are not dependent clearly either on person or position; and (3) both sexes see allocation of rewards as a determinant of future interactions. (Author/HLM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978). Best copy available.