ERIC Number: ED192173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Male Homosexuals: A Refined Factor Analytic Approach.
Herek, Gregory M.
In recent years psychological studies of homosexuality have shifted in focus from homosexually-oriented persons to individuals manifesting homophobia, the irrational fear or intolerance of homosexuals. In a pilot study, 130 college students completed a preliminary questionnaire consisting of attitudes toward homosexuals and homosexuality. Two forms of a second questionnaire were administered to 906 college students. The lesbian target questionnaire was completed by 276 females and 161 males. The male homosexual target questionnaire was completed by 282 females and 187 males. Results indicate that, for both sexes and for both targets, a fairly unified conception of homophobia emerges: homophobia can be defined as the belief that homosexuality is sick, wrong, and disgusting; and it poses a danger to society and a threat to the individual. Data analysis offers little in explaining why people hold negative attitudes toward homosexuals. Survey statements are appended. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Univ., Davis.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980).