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ERIC Number: ED192066
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
We Know Co-op Experiences Work -- But Why?
Tauber, Robert T.
An examination of why cooperative work experiences work in light of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg's satisfaction and dissatisfaction factors can be helpful in maintaining and improving the experiences. Cooperative work experiences are successful because they satisfy two types of student needs (deficiency needs and growth needs). These experiences fulfill deficiency needs (physicological, security, belonging, and esteem needs) by enabling students to acquire the vocational skills and experience necessary to earn decent salaries and help insure job security by enabling students to enjoy the recognition and rights of tradespersons and by providing tangible products and advisible skills which help students meet their esteem needs. It is only after these deficiency needs are met that students will be motivated by growth needs (aesthetics, self-actualization, and knowledge and understanding). Therefore, co-op employers and votech personnel must help students gratify their deficiency needs. Students should help their fellow students, co-op employers, and votech instructors meet their own deficiency needs as well. While meeting deficiency needs prevents student dissatisfaction, only the meeting of growth needs can provide student satisfaction. Therefore, co-op employers and votech personnel must help students meet both needs and should stress the latter. Students should also assume more responsibility in evaluating their vocation and co-op job site in light of motivational factors. (MN)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Herzberg (Frederick); Maslow (Abraham)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Co-op Employer Appreciation Dinner (Erie, PA, 1980).