ERIC Number: ED192002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
The Sociological and Economic Roots of Sex Discrimination.
Past studies on economic discrimination against women have dealt with existence and effects. An examination of how origins, nature, and causes of discrimination are socially determined during the pre-industrial stage of economic development focused on the experience of Nigeria as a case study. The existence of a family-oriented system in which the family is an economic unit, the husband is responsible for supporting the family, sons perpetuate the family name, and a scarcity of resources makes boy-biased educational expenditure a rational economic behavior. As income increases this bias decreases and female enrollment increases. Tabulated statistics on sex distribution in school enrollment in Nigeria from 1950 to 1970 affirm this pattern. During a pre-industrial stage with a boy-biased educational system, the labor market only validates the family structure and social values. As an economy develops it becomes less family-oriented and family and social value changes tend to equalize responsibility among individuals regardless of sex. The reality of equal responsibility without equal opportunity means an urgent need for action at the government, employer, and individual levels. Increased availability of adequate training for women coupled with increasing realization of their economic potential is the best road to change. (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Preliminary Short Summary of the Full Paper.