ERIC Number: ED191887
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of School Characteristics upon Achievement Test Scores in New York State.
Fowler, William J., Jr.
The effects of school characteristics upon achievement test scores in New York State were studied. Data, composed of the 1975-76 Consolidated Data Base and Finance Tapes for all 705 school districts in the state, were supplied by the New York State Department of Education. Among the 24 variables of interest were: state pupil evaluation tests of reading and mathematics for all districts in grades 3, 6, and 9; and Regent's tests and school characteristics, such as per pupil expenditure and average teacher degree level. The data file was merged with the 1970 census data for New York school districts; occupational status scores, income, and education scores for 642 matched-districts were also used. The computer program, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, was used to obtain means, frequencies, and skewness of the variables of interest. Results generated two conclusions: (1) a puzzling, inconsistent pattern between achievement test scores and school characteristics exists; and (2) additional expenditures per child and other quality-related measures raised the test scores of the poorest performing students. This study does not consider the range of standard deviations associated with school district attributes. (RL)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade 3, Grade 6, Grade 9, Institutional Characteristics, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement, School District Spending, Scores, Secondary School Mathematics, Socioeconomic Status
Bucknell University, Department of Education, Lewisburg, PA 17837 ($1.50).
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York; Pupil Evaluation Program
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).