ERIC Number: ED191885
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Development and Validation of a Group Test of Logical Thinking.
Tobin, Kenneth G.; Capie, William
The development of the Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT), a group test of formal reasoning ability that requires students to solve problems and to justify the solutions obtained, is presented. Procedures are described for investigations of internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion-related validity. Items used in prior research serve as a basis for the development of TOLT, assuring that the test contains valid measures of formal reasoning ability. Two of the items measure each of five modes of formal reasoning: (1) controlling variables; (2) proportional reasoning; (3) probabilistic reasoning; (4) correlational reasoning; and (5) combinatorial reasoning. High school students' unsuccessful formulation of clearly written justification for selection of particular responses led to modification of the initial version of TOLT; thus providing multiple justifications as well as multiple solutions. The revised test uses a color videotape to present the context for each problem and to standardize administrative procedures. Evidence suggests that TOLT does measure formal thought. Reliability data indicate high internal consistency, and validity data support an effective group test of formal thought. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inhelder Piaget System; Test of Logical Thinking (Tobin and Capie)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).