ERIC Number: ED191645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug-22
Reference Count: 0
Age and Orientations Toward Rural Community Environments.
Blake, Brian F.; Donnermeyer, Joseph F.
Two empirical studies were conducted in Indiana to ascertain the types of contributions residents of small towns and rural areas feel their community can perform for their subjective well being and to determine the degree to which these contributions are comparable among elderly and younger rural and urban residents. An "individual level perceived community function" approach was used in a questionnaire/survey in which respondents were asked to rate the value of certain community attributes. Ratings were then factor analyzed by principal component-varimax rotation procedures. Results of the first study indicated that both over-65 and under-65 groups looked to their small towns and rural communities to provide 3 functions: personal relations (proximity of friends and relatives), maintenance (jobs, shopping facilities, medical services), and personal development (availability of adult education opportunities). In larger communities, however, the groups differed as to which community attributes contributed to the three functions named above. Results of the second study indicated that both over-60 and under-60 age groups found satisfaction with maintenance attributes and personal relations attributes. In neither group, however, was the personal development area uniquely predictive of community satisfaction. The major difference between groups was that the under-60 groups found satisfaction in the recreational facilities attributes but the over-60 groups did not. Implications for future research were deemed many and varied. (AN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Burlington, VT, August, 1979).