ERIC Number: ED191621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov-16
Reference Count: 0
A Critique of Public Law 95-561--Field Draft.
Castro, Ray E.
Public Law 95-561 (Field Draft) is lauded for reflecting a commitment to the establishment of goals of excellence for Indian schools, but criticized because of its lack of clarification of the standards (as measures of excellence) necessary to judge any progress toward meeting the established goals. Examples of the ambiguity of some of the standards are shown by posing the unanswered questions, "What is Meant by public relations?" and "How is utilization of community people measured?". The unsettling implication that meaningful Indian education lacks a standard is illustrated by the absence of any "measures of excellence" being called for in current practices that are left to the discretion of local school boards and in the assessment of how effectively the goals of curricula are met (i.e., the use of the bilingual approach being a decision of the school board, and the lack of indicators of progress in the utilization and effectiveness of bilingual programs). Measures of excellence are presently those of state codes and accrediting agencies, but since the most important rationale for maintaining Indian schools is to encourage alternative learning opportunities, then new means for measuring the attainment of excellence are needed. (JD)
Descriptors: Accrediting Agencies, American Indian Education, American Indians, Bilingual Education, Board of Education Role, Educational Legislation, Educational Philosophy, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Nontraditional Education, School Law, State Standards, Student Educational Objectives
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Coalition of Indian Controlled School Boards, Inc., Denver, CO.
Identifiers: Basic Indian Education Act