ERIC Number: ED191545
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
Reference Count: 0
School Curricula: A Social-Psychological View.
This paper brings the perceptions of a social psychologist to bear on curricula as currently taught in the schools. Many discussions of the school curriculum hinge upon the questions what, when, and how, and leave the most important why question unasked and unanswered, perhaps because it is so difficult to answer. In contrast to such theoretical concerns, practical consideration of the social psychological constraints upon the curriculum suggests that the curriculum is primarily influenced by the following five factors: (1) the entering characteristics of the learners; (2) the nature of the subject material; (3) educational aims and instructional objectives; (4) personality variables of the teacher; and (5) the organization of plant and personnel (i.e., communication structures and the social psychology of the institution). In England, and to a small extent in North America, it would seem that primary/elementary schools have, by and large, been fairly successful in accommodating influences one and five. Primary schools have not done particularly well in respect to influences two and three. Features grouped under influence four still need a great deal more research before even the crudest of generalizations can be made about their effect upon curriculum. However, it is apparent that the self concepts of teachers and students have marked implications for learning and curriculum planning. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Children of the 80's (Urbana, IL, November 5-7, 1979).