ERIC Number: ED191087
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex Stereotyping of Women and Girls in Elementary Textbooks and It's Implication for Future Work Force Participation.
A content analysis of a 1976 series of primary reading textbooks was conducted to analyze salient factors affecting female role socialization. Examined in its entirety, the series was designed for grades one through six and contained 573 entries and 4,831 illustrations. In each of the textbooks, regardless of grade level, twice as many males as females were portrayed in main character roles and in pictures. Occupational stereotyping pervaded the textbook series, with men portrayed in four times as many paying occupations as females. The female characters had personality characteristics (dependency, passivity, emotionalism, incompetence) similar to those found in other studies. Overall, the three hypotheses that were tested were proved: (1) greater numbers of males than females were portrayed; (2) societal expectations for males and females were reflected in the occupations portrayed; and (3) the personality traits of women in textbooks were positively associated with societal definitions of those traits. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the North Central Sociological Association (Cincinnati, OH, May 18-20, 1978).