ERIC Number: ED191053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
If Maslow Created a Composition Course: A New Look at Motivation in the Classroom.
Boone, Beth; Hill, Ada S.
The needs hierarchy developed by Abraham Maslow lends itself to the composition classroom. The hierarchy depicts five distinct need levels through which an individual travels: basic, safety/security, belonging/peer acceptance, ego/esteem, and self-actualization. From teacher observations and students' comments, need levels can be assessed and appropriate writing assignments given. Students on the safety level require definite structure and immediate reinforcement; the scope and expectations of writing assignments should be realistic and clear with the teacher working closely with the students through the prewriting, writing, and revision stages of composition. Students on the belonging level need group acceptance and should be allowed to work together on writing projects whenever possible. Students on the ego level need recognition and rewards; consequently, the teacher should make their writing assignments challenging. The audience for writing can be more remote and the purpose for writing more abstract. Writing for students on the self-actualization level is a matter of personal involvement; it is self-initiated and the sense of discovery comes from within. These students should assume major roles in structuring their own writing tasks. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Maslow (Abraham)
Note: Paper presented at the combined Annual Meeting of the Secondary School English Conference and the Conference on English Education (Omaha, NE, March 27-29, 1980). Best copy available.