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ERIC Number: ED191018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.
Pemberton, Janette E.
The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education was seen as the surest way to permanent and progressive reform. Transcendentalism's stress on the individual introduced a new respect for the child's individuality and fostered child-centered learning, stressing the development of children's thinking skills and respecting individual differences. The effects of Transcendentalism on higher education include the introduction of the elective system of course selection and the importance of the utility of learning. For education at all levels, Transcendentalism advocated practical and vocational education and equal opportunity for women and minorities. (DF)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Transcendentalism