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ERIC Number: ED190970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Explaining Cigarette Smoking: An Endogenous-Exogenous Analysis.
Kruglanski's endogenous-exogenous partition, when applied to reasons given by smokers for smoking cigarettes, distinguishes two types of actions: (1) endogenous reasons implying that the behavior of consuming the cigarette is the goal of the action and the actor is positive toward the behavior, and (2) exogenous reasons implying that the behavior is meant to further some unrelated goal and the actor is negative toward the behavior. Through a combination of these ideas with the notion that smokers try to deny responsibility for the behavior they enjoy, the hypothesis was formulated that heavy smokers would show a stronger preference for positively affected behavior than light smokers. The reason college smokers and non-smokers give for cigarette smoking was examined from this endogenous-exogenous attributional perspective. Eight reasons for smoking, categorized as means (exogenous), ends (endogenous) of occurrences were rated by 66 current smokers and 71 students who never smoked. Findings revealed that smokers rated occurrence and ends reasons as more important than non- smokers. Heavy smokers showed greater preference for ends over means reasons than did non-smokers. The results showed support for the hypothesis. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (52nd, St. Louis. MO, May 1-3, 1980).