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ERIC Number: ED190964
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun-25
Reference Count: 0
A Cross-Sectional Study of Interpersonal Perception.
Blerhoff-Alfermann, Dorothee; Bierhoff, Hans W.
Perceived causality for events seems to be age-related, the cognitive structures of older children being more complex. The influence of age on interpersonal perception was examined by comparing the preferred causal attributions of youngsters in grades 5-13 for teacher behavior. A pilot study produced eight explanations of teacher behavior: (1) experience and education, (2) affect, (3) modeling, (4) interest in teaching, (5) role expectations, (6) external conditions, (7) educational goals, and (8) professional skills. In two studies, students (N=409) in grades 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 read and attributed pilot study explanations to descriptions of teacher-pupil interaction. Teacher behavior was varied in a 2 X 2 design with type of interaction (asymmetrical/mutual contingency) and extremity of interaction as factors. Results indicate the attribution of explanations varies with grade, with younger pupils emphasizing role expectations, modeling and affect, while older pupils prefer internal explanations. This pattern of results is independent of variations in the type of interaction. Fifth graders' attributions are different from older students' attributions, suggesting a possible qualitative change of attributions from fifth to seventh grade. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (5th Biennial, Lund, Sweden, June 25-29, 1979).