ERIC Number: ED190960
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Locus of Control in Achievement and Affiliation (MMCS) as Related to Pathologies.
Childers, John; Lao, Rosina C.
The Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scale (MMCS) is a goal-specific scale developed to assess locus of control in the areas of achievement and affiliation. The relationship between the MMCS and feelings of depression, hopelessness, and perceived stress was examined to validate the MMCS and determine if specific expectancies take precedence over generalized expectancies as predictors of relevant behavior. It was hypothesized that feelings of depression, hopelessness, and stress would be associated with individuals who attribute positive outcomes to external attributes and negative outcomes to internal attributes. Results generally supported the hypothesis. The two subscales of the MMCS were differentially related to these feelings thus lending support to the validity of the MMCS. The relationship between depression and hopelessness was due primarily to the psychological aspect of depression. The finding that life change units were not related to depression or hopelessness was unexpected, suggesting that for the experimental college student group, the amount of perceived stress due to life changes was sufficient to lead to feelings of externality, but not to feelings of depression and hopelessness. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Multidimensional Multiattributional Causality Sc
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (26th, Washington, DC, March 26-29, 1980).