ERIC Number: ED190935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Another Look at Sex-Role Identity and Women's Achievement Motivation.
Jacobson, Sheryl F.
Data from a previous study concerning the relation between sex-role identity and sex-role attitudes and achievement motivation in females were reanalyzed using two new factor-based scores, Dominant/Assertive and Independent, and one new factor-based score, Caring, derived from the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) masculinity and femininity scores, respectively. The possible differential effects of two types of experimental arousal, one emphasizing intellectual achievement and the other social-achievement, upon the degree of need achievement elicited in white, middle-class women were explored. Women's achievement motivation scores increased significantly under arousal. The interaction between experimental conditions and the Dominant/Assertive factor was not significant and there were no main effects. The experimental conditions x Independent variable interaction was significant but meaningless. There was a significant interaction between the combined Dominant/Assertive and Independent scores and experimental conditions; women whose combined scores fell above 20 had greater need achievement after Social-Achievement arousal. While a significant interaction was found between the Caring variable and experimental conditions, the actual proportion of variance accounted for only one percent. Comparison of these findings with the previous results suggests that sex-role variables play a minor role in the expression of achievement motivation in women. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bem Sex Role Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979).