ERIC Number: ED190781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Cost-Effectiveness of On-the-Job Training.
Cost effectiveness of on-the-job training (OJT) can be determined by measures of effectiveness and by cost assessing the relationship between output and input. Defining effectiveness to be a measure of what an activity produces leaves two main groups of problems unresolved: hierarchies of effectiveness and multiple outcomes. The most significant level in the hierarchy of effectiveness that would permit unambiguous attribution of effectiveness of OJT activity must be determined. At each level OJT may have multiple outcomes, since a trainee is usually certified on a number of tasks or OJT may be a qualification for promotion. Care must be taken to assess attainment of each objective and to judge the relative importance of each. In any cost analysis different categories of cost must be considered. There are three types of OJT activities with varying costs--Type 1, whose only product is training; Type 2, requiring little OJT and producing work; and Type 3, producing both work and training simultaneously with the same resources. OJT trainees may offset some of the OJT cost by participating in Type 2 and 3 activities. To establish the effects of cost on OJT provision, organizations must determine the cost of all three types. (YLB)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Educational Assessment, Input Output Analysis, On the Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Program Costs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Vocational Education, Work Experience
Publications Department, The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main St., Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Note: Paper presented at the International Learning Technology Congress and Exposition (3rd, Washington, DC, February, 1980).