ERIC Number: ED190330
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr-23
Reference Count: 0
Counseling Native American High School and College Students.
Burton, Charline L.
Most traditional counseling methods do not consider the Native American student's world view and values. As a result, he is not able to relate well with the counselor and does not gain insight and self-understanding, so there is a low rate of return for further sessions. A much higher degree of cultural sensitivity needs to be developed in order to effectively understand the unique way of life which affects his needs and problems. Most tribes share attitudes of non-interference, are non-emotional in expressing their feelings and desires to outsiders, use non-traditional patterns and styles of speaking, and are group oriented, rather than individualistic, all of which the counselor should take into consideration when deciding the most beneficial approaches to use. Beginning with a Directive method (in which the counselor acts as an advisor) and then changing to a Nondirective technique (in which the student takes the initiative) seems to be helpful in establishing a relationship conducive to helping the student with his own situations. This method allows the use of philosophical and psychological foundations which can be effective in relating to the underlying foundations of Native American values in a more productive way than the usual limited, singular one. (JD)
Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indian Education, American Indians, Counseling Effectiveness, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Client Relationship, Counselor Role, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Educational Counseling, Higher Education, Nondirective Counseling, Secondary Education, Student Needs, Student Reaction
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Native Americans
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference on Ethnic and Minority Studies (8th, La Crosse, WS, April 23-26, 1980).