ERIC Number: ED190325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Changes in Farm Poverty in Wisconsin. Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers.
Saupe, William E.; And Others
The increase of poverty on Wisconsin farms in the late seventies is in contrast to the nonfarm sector in Wisconsin and to the trend of decreasing poverty in the nation. The federal formula for determining poverty levels uses personal income, the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet, and an assumption that food costs are one-third of a family's total living costs. However, because of the food which can be produced on a farm, poverty levels of farm families are set at 85% of the level established for non-farm families. A graph of available secondary data shows that while the percentage of farm poor is lower than in 1964, it apparently increased in the late 1970's. Why does this poverty persist? Prior research and studies supply some clues: ineligibility or nonparticipation in federal income and welfare programs; the high cost of farm resources for beginning farmers; low quality farm resource with low productivity; and the effect of advanced age of the farm operator on earnings and on unplanned expenses such as health costs. To reduce farm poverty, action must be initiated by rural educators and lenders, government policymakers, clergy and churches, citizen advocates, and public service agencies. (AN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Coll. of Agricultural and Life Sciences.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison, Univ. Extension.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.