ERIC Number: ED190316
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Rural School Girls: A Case Study in an English Village.
Mason, Kristine; And Others
A review of literature and research on rural education in England indicated declining enrollments coupled with severe government restraints on public expenditures are impacting upon the maintenance and orientation of rural English schools. Investigation of research on the education of girls with specific reference to academic achievement and work expectation indicated there is a pressing need for research in rural areas generally and in the education of rural girls specifically. This case study of primary (N=121) and secondary (N=190) school students in a small rural village in England challenged the conventional belief that rural girls want to remain in their village of origin and assume the traditionally ascribed roles of wife and mother. Field observations and personal interviews indicated boys preferred to stay in the area of their origin, while many girls were both prepared and willing to migrate; boys, in general, regarded schooling as rather irrelevant to their lives; girls saw it as "the way out" and were encouraged to think in this manner by their mothers. Boys seemed to rationalize the girls' higher levels of motivation and performance at school by regarding school work as feminine and by recognizing that in order to find employment, girls must achieve at higher academic levels. Given the increasing mechanization of farm operations and a drastic reduction of rural housing coupled with the scarcity of employment opportunities, it is recommended that rural education be given research priority. (JC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress for Rural Sociology (5th, Mexico City, August, 1980).