ERIC Number: ED190314
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug-19
Reference Count: 0
The Expectation to Farm: An Interaction of Background and Experience.
Molnar, Joseph J.; Dunkelberger, John E.
The trend to fewer and larger farm units means fewer individuals will actually have the opportunity to engage in farming, yet increasing numbers of farm students are interested in farm and agriculture-related careers. Five background and experiential factors thought to be predictors of the initial expectation to farm were tested via mail surveys of male agriculture students at 1862 and 1890 southern land grant colleges. A 15% sample (N=1,788) was drawn from the 1862 institutions and a complete enumeration was attempted at the 1890 schools (N=787). As expected, father a farmer, self-defined potential to inherit a farm, high school agricultural coursework, participation in agriculture clubs, and race were all significant predictors. In both the 1890 and 1862 samples, the father as farmer and agriculture course and club participation were linked with greater likelihood of the expectation to farm. This likelihood was even stronger when the inheritance factor was also present. However, nonwhite students (usually at 1890 colleges) were less likely to expect a farm career despite a higher proportion of farm backgrounds. Apparently the usual agents of socialization for farmers (i.e., hardship, uncertainty, etc.) operate to shift black agriculture students to non-farm agriculture careers. The study differs from previous research in its attempt to explore conjoint influences among a limited set of significant experiential and background factors previously viewed individually. (SB)
Descriptors: Blacks, Clubs, College Students, Economic Status, Employment Opportunities, Expectation, Family Characteristics, Farm Occupations, Farmers, Higher Education, Land Grant Universities, Males, Occupational Aspiration, Off Farm Agricultural Occupations, Racial Differences, Student Experience, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: United States (South)
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Ithaca, NY, August 19-23, 1980). Publication contributes to USDA Cooperative State Research Service Southern Regional Project S-114, "Defining and Achieving Life Goals: A Process of Human Resource Development".