ERIC Number: ED190290
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun-22
Reference Count: 0
Indian Children/Parents and Education.
Kirkness, Verna J.
Canadian government welfare agencies are taking Canadian Indian children from their parents in alarming numbers and endangering their cultural and social development. Most of the children are placed in non-native homes, resulting in identity crises leading to alcoholism and other social problems. This is a serious trend. The survival of Indian people as an entity is dependent upon the retention of Indian culture which is fostered only by the security of the Indian family. Education has in many ways alienated Indian people from their culture. After 300 years of formal education brought to Indians by Europeans we witness the following statistics: the rate of unemployment for adult males averages over 50%, going as high as 90% in some communities compared to the national average of 8%; the average income for many Indian families is well below the poverty line; mortality among young adults is 4 times that of the general population; and 1 out of every 3 Indians will die a violent or accidental death if current fatality trends continue. An historical review of the education of Indians presents the perspective shared by many Indian leaders today which expresses the failure of the system. The 1972 policy of "Indian Control of Indian Education" sets a new direction, one linked with social and economic mobility. (Author/AN)
Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indian Education, American Indians, Canada Natives, Community Control, Community Involvement, Cultural Awareness, Culture Conflict, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Improvement, Educational Philosophy, Federal Indian Relationship, Government Role, Lifelong Learning, Objectives, Self Concept, Self Determination, Tribes, Trust Responsibility (Government), Values
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Tribal Government; Tribally Controlled Education
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Child Welfare League of America Northwest Regional Conference (60th, Regina, Saskatchewan, June 22-25, 1980).