ERIC Number: ED190260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
Interpersonal Problem Solving in Preschool Aged Children.
Swanson, Arthur J.; Siegel, Lawrence J.
This study was designed as a partial replication and extension of the research on interpersonal problem solving in preschool children by Shure and Spivack. Fifteen well-adjusted and 14 impulsive children from Head Start Centers were administered the Preschool Interpersonal Problem Solving test (PIPS) under either incentive or no incentive conditions. This task measures a child's ability to generate alternatives to two interpersonal problems: (1) how to get a chance to play with a toy being used by another child; and (2) how to avert mother's anger after damaging her property. Children in the incentive conditions: were offered one penny for each new alternative generated. Subsequently, children in both conditions were offered one prosocial and one antisocial solution to each problem and asked to choose the "best" solution. Incentive condition children were given three pennies, which they could trade for a toy, for selecting the prosocial response. In a separate session, all children were administered the Stanford Preschool Internal-External Scale as well as behavioral and story-problem measures of interpersonal trust. Contrary to previous findings, alternative solution thinking was not found to be related to behavioral adjustment in the classroom. Incentive effects were found, particularly for girls and for well-adjusted children. Problem solving ability was found to bear little relationship to either locus of control or interpersonal trust. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (St. Louis, MO, May 1980).