ERIC Number: ED190252
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Directive Speech as a Function of Age, Task, and Presence/Absence of a Peer.
Fuson, Karen C.; Olszewski, Paula
This study examined the use of directive speech forms by 46 children 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-years of age as a function of different tasks (play with dolls versus play with colored stickers) and of the presence versus absence of a peer partner. Directive utterances were stimultaneously categorized according to structure, form and the person they referenced (self, other, both). Directive speech forms included utterances that elicited immediate actions from an addressee (requests for goods) as well as utterances that more subtly controlled or limited the present or future actions of the speaker and the peer partner. Results indicated no significant age differences in the syntactic forms represented in the directive categories. In both of the peer situations, the imperative was the most frequently used directive type, and a previously unstudied category of utterances (describing action statements) was the second most frequently occurring directive type. There was significantly more directive speech in the sticker picture task than in the plastic doll task, with the largest difference occurring in the category of "describing one's own actions." There was relatively little overt directive speech in the alone task situation. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Directive Speech
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).