ERIC Number: ED190198
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Day Care as a Resource to Families.
Travis, Nancy E.; Perreault, Joe
This paper looks at the involvement of parents in child care programs from an historical point of view and offers suggestions on how a partnership between parents and programs can be implemented. In response to immigration and economic depression, initial child care programs were focused on the child's potential for development, opportunities for professionals to provide services, and parent education. The focus changed during the Second World War when day care was supported in order to free women for work in war-related industries. Continuing at work in the 50s and 60s, women in several economic strata demanded day care services. The earlier emphasis on parent education was replaced by attempts to increase parent participation in realizing nutritional, developmental and cognitive program goals for low-income children such as Head Start participants. Later, alternate forms of care and programs responsive to changes in the American family were developed and implemented. In concluding sections of the paper, barriers to good parent/caregiver relationships are identified and future directions and recommendations for day care services are provided in the areas of practical philosophy, consumer education, administrative policies and parent/caregiver communication. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Family (Sociological Unit), History, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Social Change
To be published as a chapter in "Current Topics in Early Childhood Education". Vol. 3, 1980. Lilian Katz (ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education), Editor. Ablex Publishing Corp., 355 Chestnut St., Norwood, NJ 07648 ($17.50).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Children of the 80's (Urbana, IL, November 5-7, 1979).