ERIC Number: ED189580
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Factors Influencing Reading Achievement.
Mercer, B. Jill
A three-phase study was conducted in Alberta, Canada, to determine factors influencing reading achievement and specifically to assess the effects of television viewing on reading achievement. In the first phase, 453 people responded to a survey regarding which factors they felt were important in influencing reading achievement. It was concluded that the general public believes that many factors are responsible for influencing reading achievement, with television playing only a minor role. In the second phase, 223 teachers and 44 school librarians responded to a similar survey; analysis of the results suggested that, with minor exceptions, they concurred with the general public on which factors are important influences on the development of reading abilities. In the final phase of the study, children in grades two, four, six, eight, ten, and twelve were surveyed to determine their reading and television viewing habits and attitudes and to assess the relationship between reading achievement, television viewing, and other activities and attitudes. Among the results were that for students in grades four and six there was a significant negative relationship between television viewing and reading achievement, but that for all the other grade levels, reading achievement scores were not influenced by the amount of time watching television. Based on results of all three phases of the study, it was concluded that television is not the most important factor in influencing reading achievement. (GT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alberta Educational Communications Corp., Edmonton.