ERIC Number: ED189506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Managerial Practices and Their Relationship to Organizational Outcome Variables.
Young, Leanne E.; And Others
The rapid growth of multinational corporations has necessitated theoretical and practical concerns for operating and managing organizations in varying cultural environments. The Navy Public Works Centers (PWCs) provide engineering, maintenance, rehabilitation construction, transportation and housing to U.S. Navy customers around the world. Interviews and questionnaires with 1607 employees from six PWCs (San Francisco, Norfolk, Great Lakes, Hawaii, Japan, and the Philippines) examine employee perceptions of organizational variables and assess the interrelationships between perceived managerial and organizational effectiveness, and employee motivation and satisfaction. Workers in Hawaii, Japan and the Philippines expressed fewer negative perceptions of managerial effectiveness and felt more positive with respect to reward contingencies and esprit de corps than workers in the continental United States. United States workers emphasized satisfying needs at work while overseas workers focused on getting the job done, having lower expectations of what their jobs should provide. Hawaiian interviewers reflected influence from east and west. Since motivators, satisfaction and perceptions of managerial practices differ as functions of culture, rewards in one culture may be less effective for employees in another culture. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980).