ERIC Number: ED189478
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Pygmalion Effects Among Blacks: When and How Expectancies Occur.
Derlega, Valerian J.; And Others
Using methods employed by Chaikin et al (1974) and Chaikin and Derlega (1978) to determine when tutors are susceptible to expectancy effects and whether expectancies lead to discrimination against low ability students, black undergraduates (N=76) taught a lesson on fire safety at home to a 10-year-old boy. Two black male and two white male children served as confederates. Subjects either were told a child had a high I.Q., low I.Q., or were given no information (control group). Subjects' knowledge about black confederates' alleged I.Q. did not influence expectancies or teaching behavior toward low I.Q. children. Subjects rated those white confederates assigned high I.Q.'s as more intelligent than children assigned low I.Q.'s. White confederates assigned low I.Q.'s were asked more questions and given fewer expressive gestures than control group white confederates. Subjects maintained more physical distance with white than black confederates. Comparing these results to a similar study using white subjects (Chaikin and Derlega, 1978), black tutors discounted the diagnostic value of I.Q. scores for low expectancy black children while white tutors accepted all I.Q. information. Information about I.Q. and a child's race may interact to influence tutors' cognitions and affect their teaching behavior. (Author/NRB)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Blacks, Cognitive Processes, Communication (Thought Transfer), Expectation, Intelligence Differences, Interaction Process Analysis, Low Achievement, Nonverbal Communication, Perception, Racial Differences, Racial Factors, Social Discrimination, Teacher Behavior, Tutors, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (51st, Hartford, CT, April 9-12, 1980).