ERIC Number: ED189171
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Unities in Inductive Reasoning. Technical Report No. 18.
Sternberg, Robert J.; Gardner, Michael K.
Two experiments were performed to study inductive reasoning as a set of thought processes that operates on the structure, as opposed to the content, of organized memory. The content of the reasoning consisted of inductions concerning the names of mammals, assumed to occupy a Euclidean space of three dimensions (size, ferocity, and humanness) in organized memory. Problems used in the experiments were analogies, series, and classifications. They were presented in unrestricted-time form by paper and pencil for-choice items and tachistoscopically as two choice items. Time required in the tachistoscopic form was assumed to be an additive combination of five stages: selection of components of the problem, of strategy, of internal representations for the information, of a speed-accuracy trade off, and the monitoring of solutions. Results partially confirmed the vector model of memory space for names of mammals. Response latencies confirmed the prediction that analogies required one more processing step than did series, which in turn required one more step than did classifications. The significance of these findings for the explanation of general intelligence is discussed. (Author/CTM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Dept. of Psychology.
Identifiers: Analogy Test Items; Series Completion
Note: Portions of this paper were presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Mathematical Psychology (Providence, RI, August, 1979).