ERIC Number: ED189133
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Individual Differences in Semantic Recall from Text.
Dunn, Bruce R.
Two studies were conducted to find correlates of personality or cognitive style that were exemplified in differences in recall of semantic information from text. In both studies the texts were analyzed for the pattern of subordination, or hierarchy, of the semantic information that was contained in the passages using a method described by Meyer. In the first experiment, bilateral electroencephalograph measurements of alpha rhythm activity were taken from 40 univeristy students during a baseline period, during the reading period, and during the recall period; and they were classified as analytic (low alpha activity) or holistic (high alpha activity). It was found that when the text had little semantic organization there was no difference in the recall of the two groups, but when the text was more organized the analytic students recalled proportionately more superordinate material rather than subordinate material. In the second experiment, schizophrenics were compared with college students and with other hospitalized mental patients in a similar recall experiment. It was found that schizophrenics recalled very little of material from lists of elements that were related in an unspecified manner. (CTM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Analytic Approach; Holistic Approach
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).