ERIC Number: ED189119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Motivational and Situational Variables on Achievement Performance.
Boker, John R.; Games, Paul A.
Problem-solving performance and goal-setting behavior were investigated in 156 undergraduates who, on Mehrabian's Achievement Scales, demonstrated either the motive to approach success or the motive to avoid failure. Different expectations of success or failure were induced by fictitious preperformance information. The degree of success or failure actually experienced on the experimental tasks was manipulated by providing anagrams (word games) which varied in objective difficulty (very easy, average difficulty, insoluble). Results showed that only the degree of experienced success or failure significantly influenced problem-solving performance and subjective correlates of satistaction and ability ratings. Also, individual differences in achievement motives were found to be consistently associated with predicted patterns of goal-setting behavior and task difficulty preferences. Results were discussed in terms of the transfer effects of prior success or failure experiences. (Author/CP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Achievement Scales (Mehrabian); Anagrams
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).