ERIC Number: ED189019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Educational System of Switzerland. Education around the World.
Bodenman, Paul S.
The document discusses the highly developed, diversified, and decentralized system of education in Switzerland. Because of the political, geographic, and linguistic diversity of education in Switzerland, this brief report is limited to major characteristics and patterns of education common to most Swiss cantons. Topics of the report include school structure; administration; intercantonal coordination; grading system; elementary, secondary, upper secondary, vocational, special, and teacher education; universities and other higher education institutions; adult education; and educational research. The author stresses that coordination among cantons is a serious problem. The language of instruction is German in 19 cantons, French in five, and Italian in one. In most secondary schools a second national language is compulsory. Primary education provides the first level of compulsory education and lasts from four to six years. Lower secondary education, consisting of general education, extends through grade 9. Upper secondary education includes academic, general, vocational/technical, and teacher training. Teacher education is largely the responsibility of the cantons. Universities are self-governing bodies; all holders of federally recognized Swiss maturity certificates (issued at the upper secondary level) are eligible for unrestricted admission to any university. Educational trends include standardization of terminology, programs, and examinations among cantons; closer cooperation among researchers, teachers, and administrators; more independent study for students; and improvement of inservice and preservice teacher education. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Education, Educational Administration, Educational Needs, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, School Organization, Special Education, Teacher Education, Vocational Education
Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 ($2.00, stock no. 0717-080-01993-1)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Note: Small print throughout document may not reproduce clearly from EDRS in paper copy.