ERIC Number: ED188825
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Modernism and Planned Development: A Study of Two Punjabi Villages in India.
Two rural villages with similar characteristics were selected in Punjab (northern India) in order to study attitudes towards planned socio-economic development programs. All household heads (married males) in Bhagpura (123) and Khaira Bet (116) were interviewed; other data were derived separately. Program acceptance (modernism) in both villages correlated very highly with the respondants' psycho-social modernism, mass-media participation, and extra-community contacts. Khaira Bet (more remote in terms of road links and transportation facilities) reflected more conservatism in all areas, particularly formal and family education, civic/political participation, level of living, village leadership status, landowner status, and occupational status. An unanticipated finding was that caste was not a significant predictor of program approval. Age reflected a predictable conservatism and had a negative correlation of -.72 in both villages. Since exposure to mass media and extra-community activities was significant in acceptance of socio-economic development programs, development and extension agencies should find support for rural development programs among villagers who have already been exposed to external ideas and behavioral patterns; agencies should also design extra-community social contacts, formal education, and mass-media and civic/political participation of villagers in order to aid development efforts. (BR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Attitude Change, Caste, Change Strategies, Community Education, Community Support, Correlation, Federal Programs, Government School Relationship, Income, Innovation, Landlords, Leadership, Living Standards, Modernism, Proximity, Rural Development, Rural Urban Differences, School Role, Social Development, Socioeconomic Status, Urban Areas
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: India (Punjab)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Burlington, VT, August 24-26, 1979).