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ERIC Number: ED188805
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Changing Structure of Agriculture and Its Effects on Community Life in Northeastern U.S. Counties.
Eberts, Paul R.
Despite sharp declines in the number of farms, farmers, and land in agriculture in the U.S. Northeast, total agricultural production is still big business there. Yet, significant shifts have taken place in the specific types of location where the various products are being produced. Moreover, these shifts have latent effects on the organization, structure and quality of community life. Although average market value of all agricultural products sold is increasing in approximately the same absolute size in all types of the 300 Northeastern U.S. counties (metropolitan, suburban, urban, and rural), only dairy and livestock products have remained constant. Crops have disproportionately shifted to the more suburban and poultry to the more rural counties. A factor analysis of the 10 agricultural indicators showed that average market value of agricultural products sold, median farm family income, and market value of poultry typified the clusters of the 196 non-metropolitan Northeast counties. Hence, they (along with percentage of land in agriculture) were used as the indicators of a viable agriculture. The hypothesis tested is that a viable agriculture contributes positively to various aspects of quality of community life in these counties. Detailed correlation analysis shows that, indeed, as indicated by average market value of agricultural products sold and by median farm family income, a viable agriculture contributes to viable community life. (Author/JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell Univ.
Identifiers: United States (Northeast)
Note: Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Burlington, VT, August, 1979). Some pages may not reproduce due to small print size.