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ERIC Number: ED188801
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
An Intra-Industry Application of Occupational Situs.
Lyson, Thomas A.
Although status attainment research has largely ignored the existence and importance of any situs (i.e., non-hierarchical) dimension, recognizing situs may help clarify the nature of occupational differentiation, recruitment, and mobility within a specific industrial sector. The agriculture sector of the U.S. economy, for example, can be classified as production, education/research, and agribusiness. Discriminant analysis of questionnaires showed residence preference to be a (situs) dimension countermanding societal and monetary status when a career as producer was chosen by ag-career undergraduates in 15 Southern land-grant colleges (1067 white males of a 15% 1977 sample). In contrast, the education/research oriented men opted for more education and had more prior ag education experiences than the agribusiness oriented. The status range from mid-rank farm manager to laborer in production agriculture compared in the same region (Cosby & Frank 1978) with the higher ranges of educators and agribusinessmen (professor, ag agent, top-rank veterinarian, landscape architect). Situs opportunity parameters based on family residence background entered into career choices, validating Benoit-Smullyman's concept (1944) of situs as a viable dimension in stratification studies. (SC)
Descriptors: Agribusiness, Agricultural Colleges, Agricultural Education, Agricultural Occupations, Agricultural Production, Aspiration, Career Choice, Education Work Relationship, Expectation, Higher Education, Industrial Structure, Land Grant Universities, Males, Place of Residence, Quality of Life, Rural Farm Residents, Social Indicators, Social Stratification, Socioeconomic Status, Student Characteristics, White Students
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, Clemson.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Occupational Situs; United States (South)
Note: Publication contributes to USDA Cooperative State Research Service Southern Regional Project S-114, "Defining and Achieving Life Goals: A Process of Human Resource Development." An earlier version presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Burlington, VT, August, 1979).