ERIC Number: ED188788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Introduction of a Novel Dimension in Young Children's Learning Sets.
Williams, Deborah Anne; Cameron, Catherine Ann
The effect of stimulus novelty, an attentional variable, on learning set acquisition was investigated. Learning set (LS) acquisition refers to an improvement in performance across a series of problems which have a common basis of solution. The design of this study involved two groups, one in which the positive stimulus on Trial 2 involved the introduction of a novel dimension (Novelty-Positive), and one in which the negative stimulus involved novelty (Novelty-Negative). The novel dimension introduced was color, and was preceded by both rewarded and nonrewarded first trials. Twenty-four 3-year-old children were randomly assigned to one of the two experimental treatments. The results supported the novelty hypothesis in that performance was significantly better in group Novelty-Positive than in group Novelty-Negative. No significant reward differential was found in this experiment as has been found in other studies (e.g., Moss & Harlow, 1947). The result of the present experiment replicates a similar finding reported by Callaghan and Cameron (1978). (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Learning Set
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Hartford, CT, April 9-12, 1980).