ERIC Number: ED188770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Broadening Children's Stereotypes About Sex-Requirements for Adult Occupations: A Small Grant Intervention Strategy.
Schau, Candace Garrett; Kahn, Lynne
The empirical phase of this two-phased project was focused on identifying children's sex-stereotypes about adult occupations and testing the use of role-reversed stories as a method of modifying those attitudes within school settings. Subjects were first through fifth grade children from each of a suburban, a small town and a rural school. Children were pretested with an instrument designed to measure children's attitudes about who "can" do various jobs. First, third and fifth grade children were randomly selected for an experimental treatment consisting of a series of stories about characters in each of four occupations. Children in a control group continued their regular school activities. Post tests asking both "can" and "should" questions were administered two weeks after treatment and, in one school, after approximately one year. Findings indicate that models can affect children's attitudes toward gender stereotypes, but long term or repeated exposure to the nontraditional models is likely to be necessary to produce significant or permanent change. Project dissemination phase activities intervened in the stereotyping process by acquainting school personnel with the findings of this study (contained in articles prepared for journal publication) and by training them (through workshops and presentations) to help children develop flexible ideas about women and men in various jobs. Including the stories about occupations, materials related to both phases of the project are appended. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A