ERIC Number: ED188738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Young Children's Differential Perceptions of Their Parents.
Silcock, Anne; Sadler, D. Royce
Both structured and free response questionnaires were given to 600 Australian children (100 each of 6-, 7-, and 8-year-old boys and girls) on perceptions of their parents. The free response questionnaire asked children to complete sentences beginning with the phrase "Mothers are" or the phrase "Fathers are." The structured questionnaire consisted of 37 questions to which the children answered either M(Mother) or F(Father), depending on which parent they associated with the question. Content analysis of the children's statements was based on 12 of the 33 categories developed by Livesley and Bromley. Large discrepancies were found between the results for the two questionnaires. In particular, the structured data overemphasized the importance of negative characteristics which did not appear to be salient in the free response data. Other findings were: Two of the 15 categories, Positive Evaluation and General Personality Attributes, accounted for more than half of all the children's responses. Four categories which describe more peripheral aspects of persons--Social Roles, Appearance, Physical Condition, and Effect Upon and Relations With Others--accounted for 30% of the total responses. Results are also reported on sex differences and age differences in perception of fathers and of mothers. It was concluded that the free response technique has more validity as a measure of parent perception. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress of Early Childhood Education (Tel Aviv, Israel, January 6-10, 1980).