ERIC Number: ED188552
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Psychological Predictors of Attrition in Doctoral Study: The ABD Phenomenon.
Hobish, Toby T.
The hypotheses for the study were that: (1) there is a significant overall relationship between three variables (independence, level of masculinity, and level of socialization) in combination and two independent variables (sex and degree status) that is different for successful degree candidates (SDC) and all-but-dissertation (ABD) students; (2) SDCs would score higher than ABDs on achievement via independence; and (3) SDCs would score higher on achievement via level of masculinity, regardless of sex. It was also expected that males would score higher than females on these scales due to sex-role socialization processes. The first and third hypotheses were borne out. The second was largely borne out, except that females scored higher than males, especially in the SDC group. The assumption about sex-role socialization was also supported, although it did not distinguish between female SDCs and ABDs. It is concluded that the investigation of such task-specific personality variables is a viable frame of inquiry for explaining differential levels of achievement in doctoral study. While the personality variables functioned well in distinguishing between SDCs and ABDs regardless of sex and between male and female SDCs, they did not operate effectively in distinguishing male and female ABDs; it is felt that other personality variables may be the reason. It is theorized that the dissertation process may be a more complicated psychological experience for females than males. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Doctoral Candidates; Independence