ERIC Number: ED188260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Data on the Oral Communication Practices of the Chinese.
Alter, Jason; And Others
The communication apprehension and interpersonal needs of college students in the People's Republic of China were examined and compared to similar data on college students in the United States, Korea, Japan, and Australia. The instruments used in the studies were the Personal Report of Communication Apprehension (PRCA) and the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation--Behavior (FIRO-B) scale, which measured expressed/wanted inclusion, control, and affection. The Chinese students appeared to be as anxious as the Americans and Australians about communicating orally, less so than the Japanese, and more so than the Koreans. Their interpersonal needs of inclusion and control tended to be weaker than those of the students in the other countries, although their expressed/wanted affection was stronger. It was proposed that the group-oriented society in the People's Republic probably provided satisfaction of the inclusion and control needs but not the affection need, since intimacy was not a quality of Chinese group life. The studies presented several methodological problems, including the difficulties of comparing peoples with different homogeneous backgrounds, and the varying sizes of the groups studied. Since all the studies used the same English language versions of the measures, there also was the possibility that the Chinese, Japanese and Korean respondents possessed an English fluency that set them apart from their less linguistically capable compatriots. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Communication Association of the Pacific--Japan (Kobe, Japan, June 14-15, 1980).