ERIC Number: ED188130
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
Metaphor Comprehension and Cognitive Development in College Students.
Petrun, Craig J.
Interactions between metaphor comprehension and level of operational thought were examined to determine what advantages individuals at the formal operational level had in natural language tasks such as the understanding of figurative language. After 30 undergraduate students were classified as either late concrete, early formal, or late formal operational, they were presented with ten literal, ten similarity, and ten proportional metaphors. The subjects were asked to paraphrase the meaning of each sentence aloud as quickly as possible, and not to begin the paraphrase until they had a complete answer in mind. Latency from the time of sentence presentation to initiation of the paraphrase was recorded by a digital timer. A significant interaction was found between operational level and type of sentence. Planned comparisons revealed that paraphrase latencies for proportional metaphors were significantly shorter for late formal operational subjects than either late concrete or early formal operational subjects. Formal operational subjects paraphrased proportional metaphors as quickly as similarity metaphors. It was concluded that level of operational development was significantly related to metaphor comprehension in young adults. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (52nd, St. Louis, MO, May 1-3, 1980).