ERIC Number: ED188124
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Thematic Convergence in Reconstructed Passages in Mapping Activities.
Davidson, Jane L.; Triplett, DeWayne
A procedure called the Group Mapping Activity has been used to provide for dynamic interaction of students through discussion after reading and to gauge the extent of readers' interactions with text. In using the procedure, however, it was discovered that some students regularly shifted the protagonists in their mapping. A study was undertaken to determine whether maps could be classified and, if so, whether the protagonist shift would occur more frequently in one pattern of classification than in another. Four classifications of maps were developed: (1) "interactive," with a major emphasis on interactions between and relationships among characters in a passage; (2) "identification," with a major emphasis on one character; (3) "linear," with a major emphasis on the sequence of events; and (4) "miscellaneous." A short story was presented to 59 college students by means of the Directed Reading-Thinking Activity. The students then retold the story in writing and then mapped their perceptions of the story. The results revealed that maps classified as "interactive,""identification," and "linear" could be determined, and that the protagonist shift occurred most frequently in the maps classified as "identification." Readers who drew identification maps perceived the protagonist (or shifted protagonist) as being most improtant to the story. The findings also revealed that readers who shifted the protagonist when they drew their maps had not shifted the protagonist in their written retellings of the story. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schema Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (29th, San Antonio, TX, November 29-December 1, 1979).