ERIC Number: ED188097
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Saliency: Key to the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Performance.
Terbovic, Melanie L.
This study investigates the effect of saliency on the relationships between self-esteem and performance, competency and reactions to feedback. Subjects (N=146) preselected for social or academic orientation engaged in either a social or academic task and were given randomized success or failure feedback concerning their performance. Subjects rated their mood, self-esteem, accuracy of feedback, and attributions about their performance. The relationship between self-esteem and perceived competency was stronger in the more salient area. Additionally, affected cognitive (attributions and assessments) but not affective (mood and self-esteem) reactions to feedback. Subjects attributed failure externally and success internally to a greater extent in their more salient area, and rated the accuracy of feedback higher when given failure feedback in their less salient area, suggesting a consistency model of self-esteem wherein an individual processes specific incoming information in a manner which maintains his level of self-esteem. These results have implications for how information about the self is processed. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo.
Authoring Institution: N/A
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