ERIC Number: ED188093
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May-1
Reference Count: 0
Evaluating Competence: Effects of Marital and Parental Status and Occupational Sex-Typing.
Etaugh, Claire; Riley, Sue
Findings that job applicants who are married and childless are evaluated more favorably than applicants who are single and have a child have serious implications for the growing number of single female heads of households. This study examines how evaluations of competence are affected by marital and parental status when males and females apply for "sex-appropriate" or "sex-inappropriate" jobs. Male (N=80) and female (N=80) subjects received a booklet containing a completed job application and a letter written by the applicant. Booklets varied with respect to occupation, sex, marital and parental status of the applicant. Subjects evaluated applicant competence and merits of the letter. Evaluations of job applicant competence are influenced by a complex interaction among variables of applicant sex, marital status, parental status and sex-typing of the job. Females applying for feminine jobs were rated as higher in status and more professionally competent than females applying for masculine jobs or males applying for feminine jobs. Females received better ratings than males, suggesting a rater bias in favor of females, especially among female raters. Childless applicants were not evaluated more favorably than those with children. Future research should focus on the evaluations of employers in hiring and salary benefits. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (52nd, St. Louis, MO, May 1-3, 1980).