ERIC Number: ED188092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship Between Job Attitudes and the Decision to Retire.
McCune, Joseph T.; Schmitt, Neal
Most governmental or organizational efforts to influence the retirement decision have used financial incentives. The extent to which job attitudes are predictive of early retirement decisions beyond the predictions by income, health and demographic characteristics is an important consideration. Michigan Civil Service employees (N=379) who were eligible to retire responded to questionnaires of financial, demographic, health and job perception measures. A year later, a second questionnaire identified those who had retired and those who continued to work. Demographically, retirees tended to be female, non-white, have less education, and come from smaller communities than non-retirees. Retirees reported more illnesses, had lower salaries and fewer dependents than non-retirees. Although retirees viewed their retirement income as adequate and their jobs as less challenging, job attitudes did not add significantly to retirement prediction. Financial variables are most important in the retirement decision, therefore financial incentives should be relatively effective in influencing such decisions. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (52nd, St. Louis, MO, May 1-3, 1980).